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Elephant(Loxodonta) Informations, Facts - ClassicAnimal.Com

Elephant(Loxodonta)

Elephant(Loxodonta) is the largest mammal in the world. Normally elephants can found across the world but mostly Elephant's comfortable place in Africa, Asia. Mostly Elephant has three species: African Bush Elephant, African Forest Elephant, Asian Elephant.

Information

Name

Common Name: Elephant
Scientific Name: Loxodonta

Scientific Classification species

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Elephas
Group: Mammal
Number of Species: 3
Conversation Status: Endangered

Living & Habitat

Living Locations: Africa, Asia
Habitat: Rainforest and tropical woodland

Physical Classification

Color: Brown, Grey, Black
Skin Type: Leather
Weight: 3000 kg to 5000 kg(Approx)
Size: 7 ft to 11 ft(Approx)
Top Speed: 50 km/h to 75 km/h(Approx)

Diet

Diet: Herbivorous
Favorite Food: Grass, Fruits
Predators: Humans, Lions, Tigers

Lifestyle

Lifestyle: Nocturnal
Group Behavior: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 55 to 70 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 10 Year
Gestation Period: 22 Months
Average Litter Size: 1
Name of baby: Calf
Age of Weaning: 5 years

Facts

  • Elephants are born with ‘baby tusks’ which fall out and are replaced with permanent adult tusks that have grown throughout life.
  • Elephants are the largest living land animals on earth.
  • Elephants can hear the sound of approaching clouds. Their hearing allows them to sense low-frequency rumbles, and communicate in ‘infrasounds’, which are sounds with pitches below the range of human hearing.
  • An elephant has more than 40,000 muscles and tendons in the elephant trunk.
  • Elephants can sleep standing up and only need a couple of hours of sleep each day.
  • An elephant spends around 16 hours a day eating, drinking, bathing, dusting, wallowing, playing, and 3 – 5 hours resting.
  • The closest relatives to the elephant are the Hyraxes and Sea Cows (dugongs and manatees). Elephants are also related to Horses, Tapirs, and Rhinos.
  • On average, elephants can hear calls of others from 2.5 miles.
  • The Asian elephant population has declined by over 50% in the last three generations.
  • Elephants a very wrinkly and have sparse hair across the body.

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