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Labrador Retriever(Canis familiaris) informations, facts -

Labrador Retriever(Canis familiaris)
Labrador Retriever(Canis familiaris)

Labrador retriever(Canis familiaris) is a medium-large breed of dog. The Labrador retriever was bred to be both a friendly companion and a useful working dog breed. Labrador is the most popular breed of dog in many countries around the world.



Their scientific name is Canis familiaris. Labrador retrievers are also known as 'Labrador', 'Lab'.

Common Name: Labradoodle
Scientific Name: Canis familiaris
Other Name: Lab, Labrador

Scientific Classification

Labrador retrievers belong to the family of Sporting Group. There are one species of labrador retrievers in the world. Their conservation status is 'Not extinct'. They are listed on the red list. 

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Genus: Canis
Family: Sporting Group
Group: Mammal
Number of Species: 1
Conservation Status: Not extinct

Living & Habitat

Labrador retrievers are mostly found in Newfoundland, CanadaThey prefer habitats such as houses. 

Living Locations: Newfoundland, Canada
Habitat: House

Physical Classification

They are physically medium-sized and whole body covers with short fur. The weight of an adult around 24 kg to 36 kg. Normally the length of the labrador retriever around 50 cm to 60 cm. Labrador retriever is a very fast mammal. Its running speed up to 48 km/h.

Color: Black, Chocolate, Yellow, White
Skin Type: Fur
Weight: 24 kg to 36 kg(Approx)
Size: 50 cm to 60 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 48 km/h(Approx)


Labrador retriever is mainly part of the Carnivores diet, which means they eat meats and also fruits. Labrador retrievers mostly eating meats, fruits, vegetables, dog foods.

Diet: Omnivore 
Favorite Food: Meat, Fruits, Vegetables, Dog foods


The average lifespan of the labrador retriever is 14 years in the wild. Labrador retriever is diurnal. Labrador retriever is a solitary animal. The breeding season is usually based upon where the animal lives. At the age of 6 to 12 months, males and females are ready for sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 63 days and then is born around six to eight youngs. The young Labrador retriever is called 'puppy'. The young spend six to eight weeks with their mother.

Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group behavior: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 14 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 6 to 12 Months
Gestation Period: 63 Days
Average Litter Size: 6 to 8
Name of baby: Puppy
Age of Weaning: 6 to 8 Weels

Sort Facts

  • Labrador breed originates from Newfoundland, and not Canada's Labrador as many believe.

  • Labradors have an extremely high pain threshold, making them excellent dogs for rescue work. It also means if your Lab is in pain it can be harder to spot than other breeds.

  • The Labrador Retriever is almost waterproof and designed to remain in the water for hours. All Labs have webbed toes, a tail that works like a rudder, and a thick double-layer coat that blocks out water and keeps the pup warm.

  • While Labs are loved for hunting and fishing, they are also the most common dog put to work as a guide – around 70% of all guide dogs are labs.


Image: Photo by Maria Garza on Unsplash


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