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Lammergeier(Gypaetus barbatus) informations, facts -

Lammergeier(Gypaetus barbatus)
Lammergeier(Gypaetus barbatus)

Lammergeier(Gypaetus barbatus), also known as the bearded vulture or ossifrage. Lammergeier is a bird of prey and the only member of the genus Gypaetus. Traditionally considered an Old World vulture, it actually forms a minor lineage of Accipitridae together with the Egyptian vulture, its closest living relative. Although dissimilar, the Egyptian and Lammergeier each have a lozenge-shaped tail unusual among birds of prey. This bird is 94 cm to 125 cm long with a wingspan of 7.6 ft to 9.3 ft. It weighs 4 kg to 8 kg with the nominate race averaging 6.21 kg.



Common Name: Lammergeier
Scientific Name: Gypaetus barbatus
Other Name: Bearded vulture, Ossifrage

Scientific Classification 

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Genus: ‎Gypaetus
Group: Bird
Number of Species: 1
Conservation Status: Near Threatened

Living & Habitat

Living Locations: Europe, Africa, Asia
Habitat: High Mountain

Physical Classification

Color: Orange-Red, Black, Grey, Brown, White
Skin Type: Feather
Weight: 4 kg to 8 kg (Approx)
Size: 94 cm to 125 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 90 km/h (Approx)


Diet: Carnivore
Favorite Food: Mammals, Reptiles, Birds(Dead bodies)
Predators:  Golden eagles, Griffon vultures


Lifestyle: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 22 Years(Some reach 45 years)
Age of Sexual Maturity: 7 to 8 years
Incubation Period: 53 days
Average Litter Size: 2 to 3
Name of baby: Chicks
Age of Weaning: 4 to 6 Months


  • Lammergeier is the only known vertebrate whose diet consists almost exclusively(70 to 90 percent) of bone. It lives and breeds on crags in high mountains in southern Europe, the Caucasus, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and Tibet, laying one or two eggs in mid-winter that hatch at the beginning of spring.
  • This species is almost entirely associated with mountains and inselbergs with plentiful cliffs, crags, precipices, canyons, and gorges. They are often found near alpine pastures and meadows, montane grassland and heath, steep-sided, rocky wadis, high steppe and are occasional around forests.
  • Like other vultures, it is a scavenger, feeding mostly on the remains of dead animals. The bearded vulture diet comprises mammals, birds, and reptiles, with medium-sized ungulates forming a large part of the diet.
  • The breeding period is variable, being December through September in Eurasia, November to June in the Indian subcontinent, October to May in Ethiopia, throughout the year in eastern Africa and May to January in southern Africa.
  • The bearded vulture is one of the most endangered European bird species as over the last century its abundance and breeding range have drastically declined. It naturally occurs at low densities, with anywhere from a dozen to 500 pairs now being found in each mountain range in Eurasia where the species breeds.


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