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Narwhal(Monodon monoceros) informations, facts -

Narwhal(Monodon monoceros)

Narwhal(Monodon monoceros) is famous for the long ivory tusk which spirals counter-clockwise several feet forward from its upper lip. It lives year-round in the Arctic waters around Greenland, Canada, and Russia. It is one of two living species of whale in the family Monodontidae, along with the beluga whale. The narwhal is the unicorn of the sea, a pale-colored porpoise found in Arctic coastal waters and rivers. These legendary animals have two teeth.



Common Name: Narwhal
Scientific Name: Monodon monoceros
Other Name: One-tooth one-horn, Beluga whale, White whale

Scientific Classification 

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: ‎Chordata
Class: ‎Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Genus:‎ ‎‎Monodon
Group: Fish
Number of Species: 1
Conservation Status: Near Threatened

Living & Habitat

Living Locations: Canada, Greenland, Norway, and Russia
Habitat: Deepwater

Physical Classification

Color: Blue-grey, Grey
Skin Type: Scales(Smooth)
Weight: 800 kg to 1500 kg (Approx)
Size: 11 ft to 18 ft (Some are reaching up to 56 ft)
Top Speed: Up to 6.5 km/h (Approx)


Diet: Omnivore
Favorite Food: Squid, Greenland halibut, shrimp, Arctic cod, Crab
Predators: Killer whales and Polar bears


Lifestyle: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 30 to 40 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 6 to 7 Years
Incubation Period: 14 Months
Average Spawn Size: Uo to 10000
Name of baby: Calf
Age of Weaning: 11 to 13 Years


  • Narwhal tusks grow throughout the animals’ entire lives and can reach incredible lengths. While the tusk as a whole is straight the only straight tusk we know of, in fact, a closer look reveals that as it grows, it spirals to the left.
  • The narwhal was one of the many species originally described by Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae. Its name is derived from the Old Norse word nár, meaning "corpse", in reference to the animal's greyish, mottled pigmentation, like that of a drowned sailor and its summer-time habit of lying still at or near the surface of the sea. The scientific name, Monodon monoceros, is derived from the Greek: "one-tooth one-horn".
  • Narwhals normally congregate in groups of about five to ten, and sometimes up to 20 individuals outside the summer. Groups may be "nurseries" with only females and young, or can contain only post-dispersal juveniles or adult males, but mixed groups can occur at any time of year.
  • Females start bearing calves when six to eight years old. Adult narwhals mate in April or May when they are in the offshore pack ice. Gestation lasts for 14 months and calves are born between June and August the following year. As with most marine mammals, only a single young is born, averaging 5.2 feet in length and white or light grey in color.


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