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Natterjack Toad(Epidalea calamita) informations, facts -

Natterjack Toad(Epidalea calamita)
Natterjack Toad(Epidalea calamita)

Natterjack toad(Epidalea calamita) is a small-sized, nocturnal amphibian toad species, native to Europe. The natterjack toad is one of the rarest species in Europe. Natterjack toads are more olive-green color than the common toads and also they have a yellow line down the middle of the back part of their body.



Their scientific name is Epidalea calamitaThe name originated from its loud rasping call made by the male natterjack toad in spring. Natterjack toads are also known as 'running toad'.

Common Name: Epidalea calamita
Scientific Name: Epidalea calamita
Other Name: Running toad

Scientific Classification 

Natterjack toad belongs to the family of Bufonidae. The natterjack toad is a small-sized, rare toad species. There are only one species in the world. Their conservation status is 'Least Concern'.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibians
Order: Anura
Genus: ‎Epidalea
Family: ‎Bufonidae
Group: Amphibian
Number of Sub-species: 1
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Living & Habitat

The natterjack toad is found in Europe. Natterjack toads are habitats such as sandy areas.

Living Locations: Europe
Habitat: Sandy areas

Physical Classification

Natterjack toads are small-sized amphibians and whole body covers with moisture skin. Natterjack toads skin color is olive-green. they have dark warts on their backs often with yellow or red tips An adult length around 6 cm to 7 cm long and weighs around 4 g to 19 g. The natterjack toad is a fast mover. They can able to jump very high.

Color: Olive-green
Skin Type: Moisture skin
Weight: 4 g to 19 g (Approx)
Size: 6 cm to 7 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 6 km/h (Approx)


Natterjack toads are mainly is part of the Carnivores diet, which means they eat meat. The main prey of food is insects, woodlice, worms, spiders, beetles. But there has a difference between their tadpoles because at the tadpole age they follow the Herbivores diet. Tadpoles mainly eat aquatic plants. They have some natural predators like foxes, otters, herons, hedgehogs gulls. Tadpoles are also had some natural predators like fish, birds, other amphibians.

Diet: Carnivores
Favorite Food: Woodlice, Insects, Worms, Spiders, Beetles
Predators: Foxes, Herons, Hedgehogs gulls, Fish, Other amphibians


Their lifespan up to 15 years. Natterjack toads are nocturnal amphibians. They breed around Aprile to July. At the age of 2 years old both females and males are ready to sexually mature. After the incubation period lasts around 8 to 15 days. The young natterjack toads are called 'Tadpoles'. The young spend up to three to four weeks with their mothers.

Lifestyle: Nocthural
Group Behavior: Small colony
Lifespan: Up to 19 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 2 Years
Season: Summer
Incubation Period: 8 to 15 Days
Baby called: Tadpoles
Age of Weaning: 3 to 4 Weeks

Short Facts

  • They call very loud during the breeding season.

  • Natterjack Toads are the only species of toad, who native to Ireland.



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