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Eastern Box Turtle(Terrapene carolina carolina) informations, facts -

Eastern Box Turtle(Terrapene carolina carolina)
Eastern Box Turtle(Terrapene carolina carolina) 

Eastern box turtle(Terrapene carolina carolina) is a small-sized, colorful reptile species native to the Eastern United States. Eastern box turtle is a subspecies of the common box turtle.  It has a high-domed, rounded, hard upper shell. They are commonly seen in the wild.



Their scientific name is Eastern Box Turtle. The eastern box turtle, also known as the land turtle.

Common Name: Eastern Box Turtle
Scientific Name: Terrapene carolina carolina
Other Name: Land turtle

Scientific Classification 

Eastern box turtle belongs to the family Emydidae. Eastern box turtle is a small-sized turtle species. There are one subspecies. Their conservation status is 'Not extinct'. This species listed as a red list of IUCN.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Turtles
Genus: Terrapene
Family: ‎Emydidae
Group: Reptile
Number of Subspecies: 1
Conservation Status: Not extinct

Living & Habitat

Eastern box turtles are found in the United State. Eastern box turtles are habitats such near ponds, fields, meadows, woodlands.

Living Locations: United State
Habitat: Near ponds, Fields, Meadows, Woodlands

Physical Classification

Eastern box turtle has a small-sized body and whole body covers with a colorful shell. Its tall upper shell. The carapace is brown with variable patterns of orange and yellow markings. An adult Eastern box turtle length around  13 cm to 15 cm. Their weight around 300 g to 500 g. They can walk at speed of up to 1 km/h.

Color: Yellow, Black, Brown
Skin Type: Rough skin
Weight: 300 g to 500 g (Approx)
Size: 13 cm to 15 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 1 km/h (Approx)


Eastern box turtles are mainly part of the Omnivore diet, which means they only eat plants, and meat. They mostly eat beetles, crayfish, tadpoles, fruits, vegetables. They have some natural predators like raccoons, chipmunks, foxes, snakes,

Diet: Omnivores
Favorite Food: Beetles, Crayfish, Tadpoles, Fruits, Vegetables
Predator: Raccoons, Chipmunks, Foxes, Snakes


Their lifespan up to 40 years, but some are live up to 100 years. Eastern box turtles are diurnal, solitary turtle species. They are very active in daylight. At the age of 5 years, females males are ready to sexually mature. After the incubation period lasts around 90 days. Eastern box turtle lay 2 to 8 eggs in a breeding season. The young eastern box turtle is called 'Hatchling'. Those young spend one year with their mothers.

Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group Behavior: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 40 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 5 Years
Incubation Period: 90 Days
Average Litter Size: 2 to 8
Baby called: Hatchling
Age of Weaning: 1 Year

Short Facts

  • Eastern box turtles always have permanent home ranges.

  • Eastern box turtles can retain water better than aquatic turtles.




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