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Eastern Cottontail Rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus) informations, facts -

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus)
Eastern Cottontail Rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus)

Eastern cottontail rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus) is a small-sized rabbit species native to North America. They are a member of new world rabbits. Eastern cottontail rabbits can be live wild or in human houses in both environments.



Their scientific name is Sylvilagus floridanus. Eastern cottontail rabbits are named for their short, cotton-ball-like tails. 

Common Name: Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus

Scientific Classification

Eastern cottontail rabbits belong to the family of Leporidae. There are only one species of eastern cottontail rabbits in the world. Their conservation status is 'Least Concern'.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Lagomorpha
Genus: Sylvilagus
Family: Leporidae
Group: Mammal
Number of Species: 1
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Living & Habitat

Eastern cottontail rabbits are mostly found in North America. Eastern cottontail rabbit is the most common in North America. They prefer habitats such as fields, farmlands, hedgerows, forest edges.

Living Locations: North America
Habitat: Fields, Farmlands, Hedgerows, Forest edges

Physical Classification

They are physically small-sized and their whole body covers with short fur. Eastern cottontail rabbits have reddish-brown fur around their neck and shoulders. They have two big eyes, a puffy whitetail, and two long ears.  The weight of an adult around 900 g to 2 kg. Normally the length of the eastern cottontail rabbit around 36 cm to 48 cm. Its running speed up to 28 km/h.

Color: Brown, Black, Tan
Skin Type: Fur
Weight: 900 g to 2 kg(Approx)
Size: 36 cm to 48 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 28 km/h(Approx)


Eastern cottontail rabbit is mainly part of the Herbivore diet, which means they eat plants. Eastern cottontail rabbit mostly eating grasses, forbs, garden plants, vegetables. Eastern cottontail rabbit has some natural predators like cats, dogs, foxes.

Diet: Herbivores
Favorite Food: Grasses, Forbs, Garden plants, Vegetables
Predators: Cats, Dogs, Foxes


The average lifespan is 3 years in the wild. Eastern cottontail rabbit is a nocturnal and diurnal both. Eastern cottontail rabbit is a solitary animal. At the age of 2 to 3 months, males and females are ready for sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 27 days and then is born around five young. The young eastern cottontail rabbit is called 'kits'. The young spend six to eight weeks with their mother.

Lifestyle: Nocturnal, Diurnal
Group Behavior: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 3 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 2 to 3 Months
Gestation Period: 27 Days
Average Litter Size: 5
Name of baby: Kits
Age of Weaning: 6 to 8 Weeks

Short Facts

  • Eastern cottontail rabbits avoid predation with speed and caution.

  • An adult male called a buck, an adult female called a doe, and a baby called a kit.

  • Eastern cottontail rabbits have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them an almost 360-degree vision.

  • Their teeth never stop growing.



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