|Photo by Jp Valery on Unsplash|
Elk(Cervus Canadensis) is a large-sized, social mammal species native to America, Asia. Elk is one the largest member of the deer family. Elk is the sub-species of red deer. Elk has a beautiful, longhorn. Elks are live in a group with 200 or more members.
Their scientific name is Cervus Canadensis. Elk is a Native American word that means 'Light-colored deer'. Zonkeies are also known as 'Wapiti'.
Elks belong to the family of Cervidae. They are the only subspecies of red deer. Their conservation status is 'Endangered'. Those species are listed on the red list of IUCN.
Living & Habitat
Elks are mostly found in North America, Central Asia. They prefer habitats for semi-desert and arid climates, such as open grassland, high mountain.
They are physically large-sized and their whole body covers with small brown or dark-brown fur. Elk has long thin legs with a tiny tail. Their head, neck, belly are a dark color and the back-sides are a light color. The weight of an adult around 220 kg to 320 kg. Normally the length of the Elk around 208 cm to 244 cm. Its running speed up to 65 km/h.
Elk is mainly part of the Herbivore diet, which means they eat plants. Elk mostly eating grass, plants, seeds, mushrooms. They have some natural predators like bears, mountain lions, wolves, humans.
The average lifespan is 13 years in the wild. Elk is diurnal and colony-centric animal. They are mostly active in daylight, but some are active at night. At the age of 15 to 16 months, males and females are ready for sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 240 to 262 days and then is born around one young. The young Elk is called 'Calf'. The young spend 13 weeks with their mother.
- Elk is a social animal and they live in groups with 200 or more members. Their groups are called 'Herds'.
- Elks are closely related to deer but are much larger than most of their relatives.
- Elks make a unique sound, which is called a bark or bugle.