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Elk(Cervus canadensis) informations, facts -

Elk(Cervus canadensis)
Photo by Jp Valery on Unsplash

Elk(Cervus Canadensis) is a large-sized, social mammal species native to America, Asia. Elk is one the largest member of the deer family. Elk is the sub-species of red deer. Elk has a beautiful, longhorn. Elks are live in a group with 200 or more members.



Their scientific name is Cervus Canadensis. Elk is a Native American word that means 'Light-colored deer'. Zonkeies are also known as 'Wapiti'.

Common Name: Elk
Scientific Name: Cervus canadensis
Other Name: Wapiti

Scientific Classification

Elks belong to the family of Cervidae. They are the only subspecies of red deer. Their conservation status is 'Endangered'. Those species are listed on the red list of IUCN.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Genus: Cervus
Family: Cervidae
Group: Mammal
Conservation Status: Endangered

Living & Habitat

Elks are mostly found in North America, Central AsiaThey prefer habitats for semi-desert and arid climates, such as open grassland, high mountain.

Living Locations: North America, Central Asia
Habitat: Open grassland, High mountain

Physical Classification

They are physically large-sized and their whole body covers with small brown or dark-brown fur. Elk has long thin legs with a tiny tail. Their head, neck, belly are a dark color and the back-sides are a light color. The weight of an adult around 220 kg to 320 kg. Normally the length of the Elk around  208 cm to 244 cm. Its running speed up to 65 km/h.

Color: Brown, Tan
Skin Type: Fur
Weight: 220 kg to 320 kg(Approx)
Size: 208 cm to 244 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 65 km/h(Approx)


Elk is mainly part of the Herbivore diet, which means they eat plants. Elk mostly eating grass, plants, seeds, mushrooms. They have some natural predators like bears, mountain lions, wolves, humans.

Diet: Herbivore
Favorite Food: Grass, Plants, Seeds, Mushrooms
Predators: Bears, Mountain lions, Wolves, Humans


The average lifespan is 13 years in the wild. Elk is diurnal and colony-centric animal. They are mostly active in daylight, but some are active at night. At the age of 15 to 16 months, males and females are ready for sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 240 to 262 days and then is born around one young. The young Elk is called 'Calf'. The young spend 13 weeks with their mother.

Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group Behavior: Colony
Lifespan: Up to 13 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 15 to 16 Months
Gestation Period: 240 to 262 Days
Average Litter Size: 1
Baby Called: Calf
Age of Weaning: 13 weeks

Short Facts

  • Elk is a social animal and they live in groups with 200 or more members. Their groups are called 'Herds'. 

  • Elks are closely related to deer but are much larger than most of their relatives.

  • Elks make a unique sound, which is called a bark or bugle.


Image: Photo by Jp Valery on Unsplash


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