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Neapolitan Mastiff(Canis lupus familiaris) informations, facts -

Neapolitan mastiff(Canis lupus familiaris) is a large-sized dog breed native to Italy. Neapolitan mastiff is a trusted guard dog breed. Mastiff means to say, gentle giant. This dog breed is a member of the Ground dog family. Neapolitan mastiffs are characterized by loose skin, over their entire body, with folds on their head.



Their scientific name is Canis lupus familiarise. Neapolitan Mastiff was developed in southern Italy. Neapolitan means 'Naples'. Neapolitan mastiff is also known as 'Mastino napoletano'.

Common Name: Neapolitan Mastiff
Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris
Other Name: Mastino Napoletano

Scientific Classification

Neapolitan mastiffs belong to the genus of Canis. Their conservation status is 'Least Concern'.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Genus: Canis
Family: Canidae
Group: Mammal
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Living & Habitat

Neapolitan mastiffs are mostly found in ItalyThey prefer habitats such as houses.

Living Locations: Italy
Habitat: House

Physical Classification

They are physically medium to large-sized and their whole body covers with short fur. Neapolitan Mastiff has a large, muscular body. They have loose skin on the entire body with short grey or black fur. Their skin is folded on the head.  The weight of an adult male around 60 kg to 70 kg and a female around 50 kg to 60 kg. Normally the length of a male around  63 cm to 77 cm and a female around 58 cm to 70 cm. Its running speed up to 40 km/h.

Color: Grey, Black
Skin Type: Fur
Weight: 50 kg to 70 kg(Approx)
Size: 50 cm to 77 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 40 km/h(Approx)


Neapolitan mastiff is mainly part of the Carnivore diet, which means they eat meats. Neapolitan mastiff mostly eats rice, meats, dry dog foods.

Diet: Carnivore
Favorite Food: Rice, Meats, Dry dog foods


The average lifespan is 10 years in the wild. Neapolitan mastiff is a diurnal and nocturnal both. They are solitary animals. At the age of 11 to 12 months, males and females are ready for sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 63 days and then is born around 8 young. The young Neapolitan mastiff is called 'Puppy'. The young spend eight weeks with their mother.

Lifestyle: Diurnal, Nocturnal
Group Behavior: Solitary
Lifespan: Up to 10 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 11 to 12 Months
Gestation Period: 63 Days
Average Litter Size: 8
Baby Called: Puppy
Age of Weaning: 8 Weeks

Short Facts

  • Neapolitan Mastiff is a very old dog breed, as around 700 b.c.

  • Neapolitan mastiff is a large giant-sized dog breed, but they are one of the most friendly and loyal dog breeds.



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