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Lava gull inforamtion, facts - classicanimal

Lava gull is a medium-size bird species narive to Galapagos island. It is one of the rarest gull species in the world. They are one of the endemic species on Galapagos island. Those species are closely related to Laughing gull and Franklin's gull and they are one of the members of the 'Hooded gull' group. An adult can easily identify by their sooty-gray body, blackhead, white crescents above and below the eye. They are the only gull species that is completely dark in color.

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Their scientific name is Leucophaeus fuliginosus. They are also known as Dusky gulls.

Common Name: Lava gull
Scientific Name: Leucophaeus fuliginosus
Other Name: Dusky gull


Lava gulls belong to the family  Laridae and the genus of Leucophaeus. It is a species of the gull. Their conservation status is 'Vulnerable' due to hunting, habitat loss. These species are listed on the red list on ICUN.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Laridae
Genus: Leucophaeus
Species: L. fuliginosus
Group: Bird
Conservation Status: Vulnerable


Lava gull is found in Galapagos. They are habitats such as desert islands, sandy beaches, gravelly beaches.

Living Locations: Galapagos
Habitat: Desert islands, Sandy beaches, Gravelly beaches


Lava Gull is a medium-sized bird species. Their whole body cover with grey and black colored feathers. Males are larger than females. An adult length is around 51 cm to 55 cm. Their weight is around 300 g to 320 g. They can fly at speed of up to 45 km/h.

Color: Black, Red, Green, White, Tan, Brown
Weight: 300 g to 320 g (Approx)
Size: 51 cm to 55 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 45 km/h (Approx)


Lava gull is mainly part of the Carnivore diet, which means they eat meats. They mostly eat fish, insects, catch fish, small crustaceans, lizards, iguanas, turtles.

Diet: Carnivore
Favorite Food: FishInsects, Catch fish, Small crustaceans, Lizards, Iguanas, Turtles


Lava gull has some natural predators like owls, frigate birds, mammals.

Predators: Owls, Frigate birds, Mammals


Their lifespan is up to 49 years in the wild. A lava gull is a diurnal and solitary animal. But sometimes they live in a small group.

Lifespan: Up to 49 Years
Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group Behavior: Solitary


At the age of 2 to 4 years males and females, are ready to sexually mature. After the incubation period lasts around 32 to 33 days. Lava gull lays two eggs in a breeding season. The young are called chicks.

Age of Sexual Maturity: 2 to 4 Years
Incubation Period: 32 to 33 Days
Average Lay Eggs: 2
Baby called: Chick


  • Lava gull is the rarest gull species in the world.
  • They are one of the members of the 'Hooded gull' group.


FAQ 1: What is the rarest gull in the world?




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