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Urial information, facts - classicanimal

Urial is a medium-sized wild mammal species native to Central and South Asia. They are also known as Arkars, Shapo. They look like a goat. They can be found in mountain areas and mostly feed grasses.

For the image click here



Their scientific name is Ovis vignei. They are also known as Arkars, Shapo.

Common Name: Urial
Scientific Name: Ovis vignei
Other Name: Arkars, Shapo


Urials belong to the family Bovidae and the genus of Ovis. It is a species of mammal. There are 9 sub-species in the world. Their conservation status is 'Vulnerable' due to hunting, habitat loss. These species are listed on the red list on ICUN.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Ovis
Species: O. vignei
Number of Sub-species: 9
Group: Mammal
Conservation Status: Vulnerable


Urial is found in Central, South Asia. They are habitats such as grassland, open woodland, mountain.

Living Locations: Asia
Habitat: Grassland, Open woodland, Mountain


Urial is a large-sized mammal species and its whole body is covered with brown short furs. Males have large horns and females have short horns. Males are larger than females. An adult length is around 80 cm to 100 cm. Their weight is around 50 kg to 60 kg. They can run at speed of up to 40 km/h.

Color: Black, Tan, Brown
Weight: 50 kg to 60 kg (Approx)
Size: 80 cm to 100 cm (Approx)
Top Speed: Up to 40 km/h (Approx)


Urial is mainly part of the Herbivore diet, which means they eat plants. They mostly eat grasses, leaves.

Diet: Herbivore
Favorite Food: Grasses, Leaves


Urial has some natural predators like wolves, leopards, humans.

Predators: Wolves, Leopards, Humans


Their lifespan is up to 10 to 12 years in the wild. Urial is diurnal and solitary animal. But sometimes they live in a small group.

Lifespan: Up to 12 Years
Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group Behavior: Solitary


At the age of 1.5 to 2 years males and females, are ready to sexually mature. After the gestation period lasts around 152 days and borns one to three babies in a breeding season. The young are called kids. Those young spend 12 weeks with their mothers.

Age of Sexual Maturity: 1.5 to 2 Years
Gestation Period: 152 Days
Average Litter Size: 1 to 3
Baby called: Kid
Age of Weaning: 12 Weeks


  • Urial is a subspecies of wild sheep.
  • They look like a cross between goat and sheep.
  • Males have large horns and females have compared short horns.



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