Screw horn antelope is a large-sized mammal species native to Africa. They are closely related to Oryx. It is one of the rarest mammal species in the world. They have twisted large horns. They can be found in the Saharan desert, and mostly feeds grass or soft leaf.
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NAME & SCIENTIFIC NAME
Screw horn antelope belongs to the family of Bovidae and the genus of Addax. It is a species of mammal. It is the only species in the world. Their conservation status is Critically Endangered due to habitat loss and illegal hunting. This species is listed on the red list of IUCN.
HABITAT & LIVING LOCATION
Screw horn antelope is found in the Saharan desert in Africa. They prefer to habitat rocky, desert, arid areas.
They are physically large-sized and their whole body is covered with short hair. Their color is white. The weight of an adult is 90 kg to 95 kg. An adult length around 5 ft to 5.5 ft. Their speed is up to 25 to 30 km/h.
DIET & PREDATOR
LIFESPAN, LIFESTYLE & BREED
The average lifespan of screw horn antelope is 19 years. At the age of 2 years old, both males and females reach sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 4 to 5 months and then born one young. The young are called Calves. The young stayed with his mother at the age of 6 months.
- Screw horn antelope is an extremely rare animal in the world.
- They have two strong twisted horns.
- The color of the coat can change according to the season. The color of the coat is white in summer and dark grayish-brown in winter. The main reason is to maintain the body temperature.