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White horned antelope information, facts - classicanimal

White horned antelope is a large-sized mammal species native to Africa. They are closely related to Oryx. It is one of the rarest mammal species in the world. They have twisted large horns. They can be found in the Saharan desert, and mostly feeds grass or soft leaf.

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Their scientific name is Addax Nasomaculatus. White horned antelope is known as addax, screw horn antelope.

Common Name: White horned antelope
Scientific Name: Addax nasomaculatus


White horned antelope belongs to the family of Bovidae and the genus of Addax. It is a species of mammal. It is the only species in the world. Their conservation status is Critically Endangered due to habitat loss and illegal hunting. This species is listed on the red list of IUCN.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Even-Toed Ungulates
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Addax
Group: Mammal
Species: 1
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered


White horned antelope is found in the Saharan desert in Africa. They prefer to habitat rocky, desert, arid areas.

Living Locations: Africa
Habitat: Arid, Desert, Rocky areas


They are physically large-sized and their whole body is covered with short hair. Their color is white. The weight of an adult is 90 kg to 95 kg. An adult length around 5 ft to 5.5 ft. Their speed is up to 25 to 30 km/h.

Color: White
Skin Type: Hair
Weight: 90 kg to 95 kg (Approx)
Size: 5 ft to 5.5 ft (Approx)
Top Speed: 25 to 30 km/h (Approx)


White horned antelope is mainly is part of the Herbivore diet. They mainly eat grass, soft leaf. They have some natural predators like hyenaslionsleopards.

Diet: Herbivore
Favorite Food: Grass, Soft Leaf
Predators: HyenasLionsLeopards


The average lifespan of white horned antelope is 19 years. At the age of 2 years old, both males and females reach sexual maturity. After the gestation period lasts around 4 to 5 months and then born one young. The young are called Calves. The young stay with his mother at the age of 6 months.

Lifestyle: Diurnal
Lifespan: Up to 19 Years
Age of Sexual Maturity: 2 Year
Gestation Period: 4 to 5 months
Average Litter Size: 1
Name of baby: Calf
Age of Weaning: 6 months 


  • White horned antelope is an extremely rare animal in the world.
  • They have two strong twisted horns.
  • The color of the coat can change according to the season. The color of the coat is white in summer and dark grayish-brown in winter. The main reason is to maintain the body temperature.



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