Western capercaillie is a medium-sized bird species native to Europe, Asia. They are also known as Eurasian capercaillie, wood grouse, heather cock. This is the heaviest member of the family Phasianidae. They are mostly found in forests and feed pine needles, leaves, stems, berries of various plants.
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NAME & SCIENTIFIC NAME
Their scientific name is Tetrao urogallus. They are also known as Eurasian capercaillie, wood grouse, heather cock, cock-of-the-woods, capercaillie.
Western capercaillies belong to the family Phasianidae and the genus of Tetrao. It is a species of bird. There are eight subspecies in the world. Their conservation status is 'Least Concern'. But their population decreased due to hunting, habitat loss. These species are listed on the red list on ICUN.
HABITAT & LIVING LOCATION
Western capercaillie is found in Asia, Europe. They are habitats such as woodlands, forests.
Western capercaillie is a large-sized bird species and its whole body is covered with dark gray and dark brown color feathers. Males are larger than females. An adult length is around 54 cm to 64 cm and the wingspan is up to 68 cm to 70 cm. Their weight is around 2.5 kg to 3 kg. They can fly at speed of up to 32 km/h.
Western capercaillie is mainly part of the Herbivore diet, which means they eat plants. They mostly eat buds, leaves, berries, grasses.
Western capercaillie has some natural predators like Eurasian lynx, gray wolf.
LIFESPAN & LIFESTYLE
Their lifespan is up to 18 years in the wild. Western capercaillie is diurnal and solitary animal. But sometimes they live in a small group.
At the age of 12 to 14 months males and females, are ready to sexually mature. After the incubation period lasts around 29 days. Western capercaillie lays eight eggs in a breeding season. The young are called chicks.
- Western capercaillie is a heavy member of the grouse family and the largest of all extant grouse species.
- It is one of the rare bird species in the world.